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一.英语语法要点与难点

1、 as…as…结构:你和汤姆是相同好的孩子。

You’re a boy as good as Tom.=You’re as good a boy as Tom.

2、 (1)too…to与 so…that sb. can’t…的句型转化:前者为简单句,主语只要一个,而后者为复合句,主语有两个,试比较:

The man was too angry to be able to speak.

The man was so angry that he wasn’t able to speak.

(2) too…to…与 not enough to句型的转化:

He is too young to get married.=He is not old enough to get married.

The book is too difficult for me to read.=

The book is not easy enough for me to read.

3、 形容词原级表明比较级含义:

约翰不象迈克那么苯。

John is not so stupid as Mike.

John is less stupid than Mike.

John is cleverer than Mike.

4、 用比较级表明第一流:约翰是班里最高的男生。

John is taller than any other boy in the class.

John is the tallest boy in the class.

5、 the more….. the more….表明“越……越……”:

The more books you read, the wider your knowledge is.

The more food you eat, the fatter you are.

6、 more and more….表明“越来……越……”:

More and more students realized the importance of a foreign language.

Our country is getting stronger and stronger.

二.中考考点—词组

1. after, in 这两个介词都能够表明“……(时刻)今后”的意思

after 以曩昔为起点,表明曩昔一段时刻之后,常用于曩昔时态的语句中?

如江山为聘:She went after three days. 她是三天今后走的

in 以现在为起点,表将来一段时刻今后,常用于红包猎手将来时态的语句中

如:She will go in three d准初三必看!2020中考英语精华知识点全汇总!-betway88必威官网_betway88客户端_betway必威我国ays. 她三天今后要走

2. how long, how often, how soon

how long指多长时刻,首要用来对一段时刻(如three days, four weeks 等)发问?如:How long ago was it? 这是多久前的事了?

how often指每隔多久,首要用来对频率副词或状语(如once a week等)发问?如:—How often does he come here? —Once a month. 他(每隔)多久来一次?每月一次。

how soon指再过多久,首要用来对表明将来的一段时刻(in an hour, in two weeks 等)发问?如:How soon can you come? 你多快能赶来?

3. few, a few, little, a little, several, some

few 和little的意思是否定的,表明“很少”或“几乎没有”;而a few和a little的意思是必定的,表明“有一些,有一点儿”

few 和 a few润饰可数名词;little 和 a little 润饰不行数名词

several用于润饰可数名词,语意比a few和some更必定,含有“好几个”的意思

some可润饰可数名词,也可润饰不行数名词,从数量上说,它有时相当于a few 或 a little,有时指更多一些的数量

4. the other, another

the other 指两个人或事物中的“另一个”,表明特指?如:We stood>

another侧重于不定数目中的“别的一个”,表明泛指,所以常用来指至少三个中的一个?如:She has taken another of my books. 她现已拿了我的别的一本书

5. spend, take, cost, pay

spend的宾语一般是时刻?金钱?在自动语态中,语句的主语有必要是人,而且后边不能用动词不定式做它的宾语?如:She spent the whole evening in reading. 她把整个晚上用来读书

take常常用来指“花费”时刻,语句的主语一般是表明事物的词语?如:How long will this job take you?你做这项作业要花多长时刻?

cost 指花费时刻?金钱或力气等,只能用表明事物的词做主语,而且不能用于被动语态?如:How much does the jacket cost?这件夹克多少钱?

pay 首要指主语(或人)买某物(或为某事)付多少钱(给或人)?如:I pay for my rooms by month. 我按月付出租金

6. among, between

between 的意思是“在……中心,在……之间”,一般指在两者之间?如:There is a table between two windows. 在两扇窗户之间有一张桌子。between 有时也表明在多于两个以上的事物之间,但那是指在每二者良言适意之间。如:the relationship between different provinces and municiplities 省市和省市之han间的联系(这里是指每两个省市之间的相互联系?)

7. beat, win

这两个词都有“取胜,打败”的意思,但这以后宾语不同?beat是“打败,优于”的意思,后边接人或队?如:We beat them. 咱们打败了他们。

win指“赢,取胜”,后边接竞赛?名次?如:We won the match/game/race/the first place. 咱们赢了这场竞赛(获得了第一名)。

8. agree with, 准初三必看!2020中考英语精华知识点全汇总!-betway88必威官网_betway88客户端_betway必威我国agree>

agree>

agree with表明“与……定见共同”,后边既能够跟表明人的名词或人称代词,也能够跟表明定见。观点的名词或what引导的从句?。如:I agree with you without reservation.我毫无保留地赞同你的定见。We agree with w肠套叠hat you said just now.咱们同重回明朝当皇帝意你方才所说的定见。

agree to后边不能接人,只能接“提议,计划,计划”等词句?如:I agree to the terms proposed. 我赞同拟议的条件。

9. bring, take, carry,fetch

这四个词都是动词,都含有“带”或“拿”的意思,但运用的场合各不相同。

bring作“带来,拿来”解?如:Next time don’t forget to bring me a copy of your work. 下次不要忘了把一份你的著作带给我。

take是bring的对语,作“带去,拿去”解?如:Take the box away, please. 请把盒子拿走。

carry表明“运载,带着”之意,运送的方法许多,能够用车、船,也能够用手乃至用头。如:This bus is licensed to carry 100 passengers. 这辆巴士准载一百人。

fetch则表明“去拿来”的意思。如:Please fetch me the documents in that room. 请到那间房间去把文件拿来给我。

10. each, every

两词都是“每个”的意思,但着要点不同。each侧重单个的状况,every侧重整体,有“一切的”的意思。如:She knows each student of the class.她认cad快捷键指令大全识这个班里的每一个学生。She knows every student of the class.她知道这个班一切的学生。

11. no>

no>

none指“一个也没有(既可指人,也可指物)”,作主语时替代不行数名词,谓语动词用奇数方式;替代可数名词,谓语动词用单、复数都能够。但在“主+系+表”结构中,假如表语为复数,则系动词要用复数方式。如:None of us are(is) afraid of difficulties. 咱们谁也不怕困难。

12. go>

这三个动词短语都有“持续做某事”的意思,其差异如下:go>

13. too much, much too

二者都有“太,十分”之意,much too为副词词组,润饰形容词?副词,不行润饰动词。如:It’s much too cold.气候实在是太冷了。

too much作“太多”讲,有以下三种用法?

(1)作名词词组 如:You have given us too much. 你给咱们的太多了。

(2)作形容词词组润饰不行数名词 如:Don’t drink too

much wine. 不要饮太多的酒

(3)作副词词组润饰不及物动词 如:She talks too much. 她说话太多

14. happen, take place与occur

happen有“偶尔”的意思,多用于客观事物?状况的发作?。如:Whatever has happened to your arm? It’s all swollen. 你的手臂怎么了?肿得好历害!

occur 指有计划地使某些事“发作”,有时着重“出现”于人的感觉中。如:Did it occur to you to phone them about it?你莫非没想到就这事给他们打个电话?

事情作主语时,motifyhappen和occur能够通用?如:The accident happened/occurred yesterday. 事端是昨日发作的。

take place 指事情发作,但常用来表明“准初三必看!2020中考英语精华知识点全汇总!-betway88必威官网_betway88客户端_betway必威我国举办”的意思,带有非偶尔性?例如:The meeting took place last night.会议昨夜举办。

15. in front of, in the front of

in front of的意思是“在……前面”。如:There is a tree in front of the house.房子前面有一棵树。

in the front of的意思是“在……前部”,指在某个空间范围内的前面。如:There is a blackboard in the front of th准初三必看!2020中考英语精华知识点全汇总!-betway88必威官网_betway88客户端_betway必威我国e classroom. 教室里前部有一块黑板

16. noise, voice, sound

这三个词都作“声响”解,在表明“听到声响”这个意思时,三者能够通用,但它们又各有特定的含义。

sound 作“声响”解,含义最广,指能够听到的任何声响,如:a weak sound 弱小的声

noise作“噪音,嘈杂声,吵闹声”解,指不动听,不和谐的声响,它既可作可数名词,也可作不行数名词。如:Another kind of pollution is noise. 别的一种污染是噪音。

voice 作“声响”解时,多指人宣布的声响,包含说话声、歌声和笑声。如:He shouted at the top of 1065813919voice. 他大声呼叫。有时也用于引申含义,作“定见、发言权”解。如:I have no voice in the matter. 关于这件事,我没有发言权。

17. arrive, get, reach

三者均可表明“抵达”,arrive后一般接介词at(一般用于较小的当地)或 in(一般用于较大的当地)?如:We arrived at the station five minutes late. 咱们晚了5分钟到车站?又如:They will arrive in Paris next Monday. 他们将于下周星期一抵达巴黎?

get之后一般接介词to。如:Whe露华浓n we got to the park, it began to rain. 咱们抵达公园时,就开端下雨了。

reach是及物动词(较 get更正式),这以后可直接跟地址名词做宾语(不能用介词)。如:He reached Beijing yesterday. 他昨日抵达北京。

三.神态动词

1.考察神态动词表明“估测”的用法

[考点快忆] 表明必定估测的神态动词有:must“必定;准是”,may“或许;或许”,might“或许”;表明否定估测的神态动词有:can't“不行能”, couldn't“不会”,may not“或许不”,might not“或许不”;can表明估测时不必于必定句,may表明估测时不必于疑问句。

2.考察神态动词引起的一般疑问句的答语

[考点快忆] 答复must时,必定答语用must,否定答语用needn't或don't have to。答复need时,必定答语用must,否定答语用needn't。答复may时,必定答语用may,否定答语友田彩也香用mustn't 或can't。

3.考察神态动词的含义

[考点快忆] must “有必要”;have to“不得不”;need “有必要;需求”;can(could)“能;或许”;may华为x1 (might) “能够;或许”;shall,will (would)“将;会;乐意;要”;should“应当”。

“had better (not) + 动词原形”表明主张;have to / has to / had to的否定,疑问方式要借助于助动词do / does / did。

四. There be 的语句结构

There be是一个“存在”句型,表明“有”的意思,

必定句的方式为:There be + 名词(奇数或复数)+地址状语或时刻状语。

be动词单复数的确认,看be后边第一个名词,当所接主语为奇数或不行数名词时,be动词方式为is;当所接主语为复数名词时,be动词为are;当be动词后接两个以上主语时,be动词与最接近主语坚持数上的共同。意四六级准考证思为“某地有或人或某物”。如:

There is an eraser and two pens侏罗纪公园2>There are two pens and an eraser>

(1)there be的否定句,即在be的后边加上not。

否定方式为:There be + not + (any) + 名词+地址状语。

There is not any cat in the room. 房间里没猫。

There aren't any books>

(2)there be句型的疑问句便是将be说到句首:Be there + (any) +名词+地址状语

必定答复:Yes, there is / are. 否定答复:No, there isn't / aren't.

-Is there a dog in the picture?画上有一只狗吗

-Yes, there is. 有。

-Are there any boats in the river?河里有船吗

-No, there aren't. 没有。

(3)特别疑问句:How many . . . are there (+地址状语)

某地有多少人或物答复用There be . . .

There's>

有时直接就用数字来答复。One. / Two . . .

-How many students are there in the classroom?教室里有多少学生

-There's>

(4)假如名词是不行数名词,用:How mu刘善浩ch + 不行数名词 + is there + 地址状语

How much water is there in the cup?杯中有多少水

五. 中考对准初三必看!2020中考英语精华知识点全汇总!-betway88必威官网_betway88客户端_betway必威我国定语从句的考察:

1.定语从句的功用和结构

在复合句中,润饰某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。被定从句润饰的词叫做先行词。定语从句有必要放在先行词之后。引导定语从句的关联词有联系代词和联系副词。例如:

This is the present that he gave me for my birthday

2.联系代词和联系副词的功用

准初三必看!2020中考英语精华知识点全汇总!-betway88必威官网_betway88客户端_betway必威我国

联系代词和联系副词用来引导定于从句,在先行词和定语从句之间起枢纽效果,使二者联系起来。联系代词和联系副词又在定语从句中充任一个成分。联系待客做主语,宾语,定语,联系副词可作状语。

1. 作主语:联系代词在定语从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词的人称和数须和先行词共同。例如: 

I don’t like people who talk much but do little.

The cars which are produced in Hubei Province sell very well.

2. 作宾语:She is the person that I met at the school gate yesterday.

The book that my grandmother gave me is called “The Great Escape”.

3. 作定语

联系代词whose在定语从句中作定语用。例如:

What’s the name of the young man whose sister is a doctor?

The girl whose father is a teacher studies very hard.

4. 作状语

I’ll never forget the day when I first came to Beijing.

三. 各个联系代词和联系副词的详细用法

1. who 指人,在定语从句中作主语。例如:

The person who broke the window m1000日元等于多少人民币ust pay for it.

The boy who is wearing the black jacket is very clever.

2. whom指人,在定语从句中作宾语。例如:

Do you know the young man (whom) we met at the gate?

Mr Lee (whom) you want to see has come.

3. whose 指人,在定语从句中作定语。例如:

The girl whose mother is ill is staying at home today.

I know the boy whose father is a professor.

4. which指物,在定语从中作主语或宾语。例如:

A dictionary is a book which gives the meaning of words.

Here is the book (which) the teacher mentioned yesterday.

5. that多指物,准初三必看!2020中考英语精华知识点全汇总!-betway88必威官网_betway88客户端_betway必威我国有时也指人,在定语从句中作主语或宾语。例如:

I’ve read the newspaper that(which) carries the important news.

Who is the person that is reading the newspaper over there?

6. when 指时刻,在定语从句中作状语。例如:

I’ll never forget the time when we worked爱农卡>He arrived in Beijing>

7微信定位. where 指地址,在定语从句中作状语。例如:

This is the house where we lived last year.

The factory where his father works is in the east of the city.

四. 联系代词 whom, which 强取豪夺之兄弟纠缠在定语从句中作介词宾语时,能够和介词一同放于先行词与定语从句之间,有时为了联系紧凑也能够将 whom 与 which 与先行词紧挨着书写,而将介词置于定语从句的后边,如:

That was the room in which we had lived for ten years. = That was the room

which we had lived in for ten years.

五. 详细运用时还要留意下列问题:

1. 只能运用that,不必which 的状况:

(1) 先行词是all, few, little, nothing, everything, anything 等不定代词时。例如:

All that he said is true.

(2) 先行词被only, no, any, all,等词润饰时。例如:

He is the>

(3) 先行词是序数词或被序数词润饰的词。例如:

He was the second (person) that told me the secret.

(4) 先行词是形容词第一流或被形容词第一流润饰的词。

This is the best book (that) I have read this year.

(5) 先行词既包含人又包含物时。例如:

He talked about the people and the things he remembered.

2. 只能用which,不必that 的状况:

(1) 在非限制性定语从中。例如:

The meeting was put off, which was exactly what we wanted.

(2) 定语从句由介词+联系代词引导,先行词是物时。例如:

The thing about which he is talking is of great importance.

考察的首要方式是单项填空、完型填空、短文填空和完结语句。阅览了解和书面表达必定也要用到定语从句。

初中英语

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